Dr. Mentor Beqa Explores Lessons from the American Political System at “Open Seminars”

February 18, 2023 – At a recent session of “Open Seminars,” Dr. Mentor Beqa, the Director of the Institute “Sami Frashëri,” addressed the critical issue of unchecked political party power in Albania and the potential lessons to be learned from the American political system.

Key Insights from the Seminar:

Albania’s political landscape is characterized by the dominant influence of political parties across all spheres of governance, leading to a significant imbalance in the country’s checks and balances system. Dr. Beqa outlined the current state where political parties, upon gaining power, effectively control the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, undermining the democratic principle of separation of powers.

Comparative Analysis with the American System:

  • Separation of Powers: Dr. Beqa highlighted the United States’ political system, which is founded on a clear separation of powers among an independent judiciary, the executive branch, and a bicameral legislature. This structure ensures that no single entity gains overwhelming control.
  • Checks and Balances: The American system’s checks and balances act as a safeguard against the concentration of power, a model that Albania could emulate to mitigate the influence of political parties.

Proposed Reforms for Albania:

  • Establishing an Independent Judiciary: A genuinely independent judiciary is crucial for upholding the rule of law and ensuring that political parties cannot unduly influence legal outcomes.
  • Decentralization of Power: Introducing measures to decentralize power would prevent the central government from wielding unrestricted authority.
  • Strengthening Independent Media and Civil Society: A vibrant and independent media and active civil society are essential for holding political parties accountable and ensuring transparency in governance.


Dr. Beqa’s seminar shed light on the pressing need for Albania to reform its political system by adopting principles from the American model to establish a more balanced and democratic governance structure. By implementing a system of checks and balances, Albania can safeguard against the excessive power of political parties and ensure a more equitable political environment.

For a more in-depth understanding of Dr. Beqa’s analysis and recommendations, the full seminar is available for viewing at this link.

Sami Frasheri Institute
Rruga Pjeter Budi,
Qyteti Studenti, Tiranë